NB Government Responds to Employer Concerns over Potential Directors’ Liability

December 19, 2013

The Employment Standards Act (“ESA”) sets minimum rights and responsibilities for all provincially regulated employers and employees in the Province of New Brunswick. The ESA regulates minimum wages, vacation pay, public holiday pay, leave, etc. If an employer violates an employee’s rights under the ESA, the employer may be ordered to comply with provisions of the ESA and/or to compensate the employee for amounts owed to them under the ESA.

Chapter 13 – An Act to Amend the Employment Standards Act was introduced in July of 2013 and set out new liability for directors of for-profit corporations with respect to unpaid wages, vacation pay, and administrative penalties.
Chapter 13 included the following amendments to the ESA:
  • Personal liability of directors of for-profit corporations for unpaid wages for up to 6 months, unpaid vacation pay for up to 12 months, as well as administrative penalties ranging from $150-$900. Directors may be held liable for up to two years after they cease to be a director.
  • The ability of a director who is liable to an employee to bring an action against the corporation or any other director for contribution or indemnity for the amounts paid.
  • The ability of a director faced with an order to request a hearing before the Labour and Employment Board (the “Board”). The director requesting the hearing must deposit to the Board the amount stipulated in the order with Employment Standards, up to a maximum of $2,000.
Chapter 13 did not include:
  • any defences for directors.
  • any notice requirements to directors.

Our newsletter on the amendments proposed in Chapter 13 can be found at the following link: New Liability for Directors of For-Profit Corporations
The proposed amendments were met with criticism from New Brunswick employers.

Bill 21 – An Act to Amend an Act to Amend the Employment Standards Act was introduced in December of 2013 and attempts to respond to the criticisms of New Brunswick employers relating to Chapter 13.
Bill 21 proposes the following amendments to the ESA:
  • Any director or former director of a for-profit corporation is liable, along with the corporation, to an employee or former employee for:
  1. Up to 6 months of wages
  2. Up to 12 months of vacation pay or pay in lieu of vacation
  • The liability is limited to amounts that became due to the employee only while that director was serving as a director of the corporation.


Under Bill 21, a director will only be liable if:
  • The Director of Employment Standards has ordered an employer to pay an amount of unpaid wages or vacation pay, and
  • The amount ordered to be paid has not been paid and 30 days has passed since the order was made, and
  • A notice of liability has been sent to the director and 30 days has passed since it was received. This notice can be sent at the same time as the Director’s order to the employer.


If a director establishes that he or she used reasonable diligence to provide for the payment ordered, that director will not be liable.


  • Liability extends to former directors for up to two years after they ceased to be a director.
  • Liability of directors does not extend to administrative penalties imposed against the corporation.
  • If a director complies with an order to pay, he/she has the right to bring an action against the corporation or one or more directors or former directors for contribution or indemnification for the amount paid.
  • Bill 21 is expected to come into force in 2014.

Related Articles

Breaking Glass Ceilings – Federal Pay Equity Legislation Seeks Equal Pay for Equal Value

On September 10, 2019, the federal government announced the appointment of the first ever federal Pay Equity Commissioner. The Pay Equity Commissioner’s role is to provide leadership and direction for the administration and enforcement of the new federal Pay Equity Act (the “Act”). The Act establishes a new pay equity regime which is aimed at reducing gender based pay discrimination by ensuring all federally regulated employers take proactive steps to ensure they are providing equal pay for equal value.

read more

Atlantic pilot program fast track to East Coast immigration

The Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program (AIPP) offers a fast route for employers wishing to hire immigrants and for people wishing to immigrate to Atlantic Canada. The AIPP has recently been extended until December 2021. The AIPP is an employer-driven program that allows Atlantic Canadian employers looking to fill labour gaps with applicants who meet their […]

read more
view all
Cox & Palmer publications are intended to provide information of a general nature only and not legal advice. The information presented is current to the date of publication and may be subject to change following the publication date.